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Conventional Dentures

Conventional dentures are made and inserted after your teeth have been taken out and the gums have healed.

A conventional denture typically is made and fitted within four or more appointments over 4-5 weeks. The process starts with an appointment with your Clinician for an exam. You also will talk about what will work best for you. Your Clinician will take impressions of your mouth and establish the bite (the way your upper and lower jaw come together).

You and your Clinician will select the teeth for your denture. The size of the teeth will be influenced by the size of your mouth and jaw, and how your upper and lower jaws come together when you bite down. If you liked the way your natural teeth looked, bring in a photograph of you smiling with your natural teeth. This will help us when we make your dentures.

Once the denture is made, you’ll have a trial fitting. Your Clinician will set up your new denture and try it in your mouth. You’ll be able to see how the denture looks and feels in your mouth. We can make sure that it fits, functions correctly and harmonizes with the rest of your face. This is your denture preview, or “try-in.” We will then take further, more precise impressions.

Once we have approved the try-in, you will receive the completed denture at the next visit. We will give you instructions on how to eat and speak with dentures. You’ll also learn about how to take care of your dentures and your mouth and gums. Finally, you will need to see us for a series of follow-up visits during the next few weeks and months. The Clinician will check the fit and comfort of your denture, and ease any sore spots that you may have.

Complete Dentures

Complete dentures cover your entire jaw, either upper or lower. Some people call them “plates.” Complete dentures rest directly on the gum that covers the bone.

Complete dentures are custom made for you. The process involves multiple appointments, usually about four or five. The Clinician first takes impressions of your mouth. At later visits, you and your Clinician will select the size, shape and colour of the artificial teeth. At this appointment you may like to bring in old photos etc, for reference.

At Howick Village Denture Studio, we use the highest quality European materials and the latest techniques to ensure your complete denture is a success.

The IVOCAP difference

Ivocap is an ingenious denture injection system that was developed in Europe which has revolutionised the field of denture prosthetics. This unique system allows our specially trained staff to fabricate higher quality, better fitting and longer lasting dentures.

Benefits for you include:

  • Less chance for irritation
  • Less likely to fracture
  • More comfortable dentures
  • Outstanding polishability
  • More hygenic


On occasion, your Dentist may decide to keep one or more natural teeth when a denture is made. These teeth usually have root canal treatment and are shortened to fit under the denture. This type of denture is known as an overdenture.

Dentists like to maintain a few natural teeth and replace the missing teeth with an overdenture if possible. This has several advantages:

  • Your natural teeth help preserve bone.
  • Your natural teeth bear some of the chewing pressure. This reduces pressure on other areas of the jaw.
  • Your remaining teeth make the denture more stable and less likely to shift in your mouth.
  • You feel a better sense of where your jaw is in space and the pressure you are placing on the denture if you have not lost all of your teeth.
  • You may find it easier to accept wearing dentures if you have kept some teeth.
  • Lower dentures tend to be more difficult to keep in your mouth than upper dentures. Therefore, an overdenture can be particularly helpful for the lower jaw. However, it is an option for almost anyone who has a few teeth remaining.

Teeth that will be preserved with an overdenture must meet certain standards of health. Canines and premolars are the most common teeth selected because of their root length and position in the jaw.

The teeth will have to be shaped to fit the denture. Shaping may expose the tooth’s living pulp. For this reason, the teeth usually need root canal treatment. This removes the pulp (the nerve of the tooth) and replaces it with filling material.

The teeth that will remain are covered with thin metal castings called copings. They fit into openings in the denture. Attachments also can be put on the copings to help retain the denture in the mouth. On occasion, a natural tooth can be kept in the mouth without a metal coping. If this is done, the dentist will prescribe fluoride drops. These should be used in the overdenture to prevent decay of the tooth.

Overdentures also can fit over implants instead of natural teeth. In fact, implants originally were developed to give people “artificial roots” for bridges or dentures in the lower jaw. The denture can fit onto the implants directly, or onto a metal bar between implants.

Immediate Dentures

If you have teeth extracted, your mouth will need to heal for at least four weeks before a complete denture can be made. Your dentist may suggest that you use an interim or temporary denture called an immediate denture. This will be made and inserted at the time of extraction. The immediate denture will allow you to eat and speak without problems while the complete denture is made. As your mouth heals, the gums and bones will shrink. The immediate denture will need to be relined to adjust the fit.

There are several advantages:

  • We are able to replicate your natural appearance. This allows us to make you look like “you”.
  • You are able to eat, talk, smile immediately
  • There is no loss of Vertical dimension. This is the distance between your nose and chin.
  • Your healing gums are protected by the dentures whilst healing.

Partial Dentures

3D Laser Printed Vitallium

Vitallium partial dentures consist of a 3D laser printed cobalt chrome metal framework with composite resin teeth and gum areas. The framework includes metal clasps or other attachments that hold the denture in place. However, partial dentures are removed easily for cleaning.

Vitallium partial dentures are precision cast and therefore fit your mouth perfectly. They are light, hygienic and very thin. Metal clasps are C-shaped, I-shaped and Y-shaped parts of the denture framework. They fit around neighboring natural teeth.

The advantages are:

  • Biocompatible
  • Resists plaque
  • Smaller, lighter partial dentures
  • Fracture resistance
  • Guaranteed strength, function and superior fit

Flipper Denture

A flipper denture is made of acrylic and is intended to be temporary. It replaces one or more teeth temporarily until another form of treatment (bridge, implants) can be made or decided upon.

Such a denture can be placed immediately or soon after a tooth is extracted. However, it is not meant to be a permanent solution.

Long term acrylic denture

Howick Village Denture Studio fabricate our acrylic dentures from Ivocap. This material allows the partials to be thinner than regular acrylic, and less likely to fracture. These dentures are often retained with the use of thin metal clasps that wrap around your remaining teeth.